Interpretation of biopsies taken on suspicion of immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) may be hampered by uninterpretable immunohistochemical stains for IgG because of strong background signals. This study aims to determine the significance of tissue IgG2 positive plasma cell counts in IgG4-RD in comparison with non-IgG4-related inflammatory disorders. Descriptive, retrospective case-control study of 16 patients with IgG4-related orbital disease (IgG4-ROD) and 24 with extraorbital IgG4-RD. Histopathology and serology of this group was compared with 16 patients with orbital non-IgG4-related disorders and 22 patients with extraorbital non-IgG4-related disorders. The mean tissue IgG2/IgG4 ratio was 0.16 in IgG4-ROD and 0.27 in extraorbital IgG4-RD and far below 1 in 98% of patients. This was significantly lower compared with the non-IgG4-related disorders that showed a mean tissue IgG2/IgG4 ratio of 1.98 in the orbital and 2.20 in the extraorbital group (range: 0.20 to 10, P<0.05). In 74% of tissue samples an IgG2/IgG4 ratio >1 was seen. The tissue IgG2/IgG ratio was significantly lower in IgG4-RD compared with non-IgG4-related inflammatory disorders. Serum IgG2 concentration was not abnormal in patients with IgG4-RD. A significantly lower tissue IgG2/IgG4 and IgG2/IgG ratio was observed in IgG4-RD, compared with non-IgG4-related inflammatory disorders. Additional immunohistochemical staining for IgG2 positive plasma cells can be helpful in the diagnosis of IgG4-RD. Especially in cases with uninterpretable IgG staining, a well-recognized problem that may give rise to a failed interpretation of the biopsy.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM|
|Early online date||3 Jun 2022|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2022|