BACKGROUND: The aim was to explore the feasibility and safety of performing common surgical steps in epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling using the Preceyes Surgical System (PSS).
METHODS: In a tertiary centre, 15 pseudophakic patients with an idiopathic ERM were randomised to robot-assistance or manual surgery in a 2:1 ratio. In the robot-assisted group, the following steps were performed using PSS: (1) staining the internal limiting membrane (ILM), (2) removal of the dye, (3) creating an ILM flap, (4) completing the peeling, (5) holding a light pipe and (6) fluid-air exchange. Primary outcome measures were feasibility and safety. Secondary outcome measures were duration, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness (CRT). Moreover, the distance travelled by the instrument during peeling was assessed using motion tracking software.
RESULTS: All steps performed with PSS were feasible with no clinical adverse events or complications. The surgical time was longer in the robot-assisted group (mean 56 min, SD = 12 vs. 24 min, SD = 5). During the study, the duration of robot-assisted surgeries decreased from 72 to 46 min. The distance travelled by the forceps was shorter in the robot-assisted group (mean 403 mm, SD = 186 vs. 550 mm, SD = 134). BCVA and CRT improved equally in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the world's first randomised controlled trial on robotic surgery for ERM. Although more time-consuming, we found that several surgical steps were feasible with assistance of the PSS.
|Journal||Clinical & experimental ophthalmology|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 30 Sep 2022|