PURPOSE: To study the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel 2).
DESIGN: Retrospective case series.
PARTICIPANTS: Patients with a diagnosis of MacTel 2 treated at the Rotterdam Eye Hospital or Erasmus Medical Center between 2014 and 2018 were included.
METHODS: The following information was retrieved from patient files: demographics, history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, presence of DR, and severity of DR, that is, mild, moderate, severe, or proliferative. Presence of diabetic macular edema (DME) was assessed using OCT.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence and severity of DR.
RESULTS: Two hundred six eyes of 103 patients were included. At the onset of MacTel 2, the mean age was 61 years (standard deviation [SD], 9.8 years) and 64 (62%) were women. Mean follow-up was 71 months (SD, 60 months). Diabetes mellitus type 2 was present in 50 patients (49%) and hypertension was present in 47 patients (46%). Mild DR was present in 22 eyes (11%), of which 14 eyes (7%) showed signs at baseline and 8 eyes (4%) showed signs at a later time during follow-up. Ten eyes (5%) demonstrated remission of mild DR during follow-up. Both eyes (1%) in 1 patient progressed to moderate DR. Severe DR, proliferative DR, and DME did not occur.
CONCLUSIONS: Although diabetes mellitus was highly prevalent among MacTel 2 patients, no patients showed severe or proliferative DR or DME. These findings suggest that MacTel 2 could have a protective effect on the progression of DR. We hypothesize that our results may be explained by the role of Müller cells in the development of MacTel 2 and DR, and therefore a link between both diseases warrants additional studies.
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 12 Jan 2021|