The immediate and long-term effects of Q-switched and mode-locked neodymium (Nd) yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) lasers on the fine structure of lens fibers were studied with stereomicroscopic and scanning electron microscopic methods. This study shows that both laser systems produced very restricted lesions that, at a 1-h survival time, were characterized by an empty central hole surrounded by a thin amorphous wall. Fibers adjacent to the hole looked normal, apart from some compression in the immediate vicinity of the hole. At medium and long-term survival times the empty bubbles now appeared to be filled with a crystal-clear amorphous mass. The wall surrounding the empty lesions had disappeared, and at medium survival times adjacent fibers incidentally showed fiber alterations like local swellings and microplicae. At 180 days the fibers surrounding the central mass showed numerous swellings, microplicae and confluence of fibers. These fiber alterations are also seen in different types of cataracts. Thus, short-pulsed laser lesions may act as cataractogenic centers.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|
- Laser Therapy
- Lasers/adverse effects
- Lens, Crystalline/injuries
- Microscopy, Electron, Scanning