Motility Changes and Diplopia After Baerveldt Glaucoma Drainage Device Implantation or After Trabeculectomy

Esma Islamaj, Caroline P Jordaan-Kuip, Koen A Vermeer, Hans G Lemij, Peter W T de Waard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify any diplopia and motility changes after the implantation of a Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGI) or after trabeculectomy (TE).

Methods: We analyzed 51 patients with a BGI and 52 patients with a TE from a prospective cohort study. To quantify any diplopia, we asked patients about the presence of diplopia at 1 year after surgery. To quantify any ocular motility changes, we measured ductions in eight gaze directions, the patients' ocular alignment and their fusion range before and 1 year after surgery.

Results: In the BGI group, 14 patients (28%) experienced diplopia compared with one patient (2%) in the TE group (P < 0.001). Duction changes were more commonly observed in the BGI group (35%) than in the TE group (19%). In the BGI group, ductions were mostly restricted in elevation (13%; P < 0.001), in abduction (13%), in elevation in 25° adduction (13%; P = 0.044), and in elevation in 25° abduction (25%; P < 0.001). In 32% of the patients, their near horizontal ocular alignment shifted, notably in exodirection (P = 0.04). The fusion range decreased significantly in the horizontal direction (-12.6° ± 10.3°, mean ± standard deviation; P = 0.01).

Conclusions: BGI surgery was significantly associated with postoperative diplopia and impaired eye motility (reduced ductions), mostly present in abduction, elevation, elevation in 25° adduction, and elevation in 25° abduction. Even without impaired ductions, diplopia could come about.

Translational Relevance: By studying diplopia across glaucoma patients prospectively with diplopia questionnaires and extensive orthoptic measurements, we gain better insight into its occurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7
JournalTranslational vision science & technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018


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