Long-term visual and anatomic outcomes of patients with peripapillary pachychoroid syndrome

David Xu, Elisha Garg, Kook Lee, Yoichi Sakurada, Atchara Amphornphruet, Nopasak Phasukkijwatana, Sandra Liakopoulos, Scott Eugene Pautler, Allan E Kreiger, Suzanne Yzer, Won Ki Lee, SriniVas Sadda, K Bailey Freund, David Sarraf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


BACKGROUND/AIMS: To analyse the long-term anatomic and visual outcomes of patients with peripapillary pachychoroid syndrome (PPS), a recently described entity in the pachychoroid disease spectrum.

METHODS: This study retrospectively included patients from several retina centres worldwide. Visual acuity (VA), retinal thickness and choroidal thickness at baseline, 6 months and final follow-up were assessed. Temporal trends in VA and anatomic characteristics were evaluated. Visual and anatomic outcomes in eyes that were observed versus those that were treated were analysed.

RESULTS: Fifty-six eyes of 35 patients were included with mean follow-up of 27±17 months. Median VA was 20/36 at baseline and remained stable through follow-up (p=0.77). Retinal thickness significantly decreased subfoveally (p=0.012), 1.5 mm nasal to the fovea (p=0.002) and 3.0 mm nasal to the fovea (p=0.0035) corresponding to areas of increased thickening at baseline. Choroidal thickness significantly decreased subfoveally (p=0.0030) and 1.5 mm nasal to the fovea (p=0.0030). Forty-three eyes were treated with modalities including antivascular endothelial growth factor injection, photodynamic therapy, and others. VA remained stable in treated eyes over follow-up (p=0.67). An isolated peripapillary fluid pocket in the outer nuclear layer was characteristic of PPS.

CONCLUSION: Patients with PPS experienced decreased retinal oedema and decreased choroidal thickening throughout the course of disease. While some patients experienced visual decline, the overall visual outcome was relatively favourable and independent of trends in retinal or choroidal thickening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-581
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


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