AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a single intracameral bevacizumab injection to improve the outcome of trabeculectomy.
METHODS: A 12-month, prospective, randomised, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial. Patients with medically uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma scheduled for a primary trabeculectomy were recruited and randomised to receive 50 µL of either bevacizumab (1.25 mg) or placebo (balanced salt solution) peroperatively. Absolute success was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤18 mm Hg and >5 mm Hg with at least 30% reduction from baseline and no loss of light perception. Success through the use of additional medical and/or surgical IOP-lowering treatments was defined as qualified success.
RESULTS: 138 patients completed a 12-month follow-up, 69 of whom were in the bevacizumab treated group. IOP at 1 year postoperatively was significantly lower than baseline (placebo: 25.6±9.9 mm Hg vs 11.5±3.9 mm Hg, p<0.01; bevacizumab: 24.8±8.1 mm Hg vs 11.9±3.8 mm Hg, p<0.01), with no difference between treatment groups (p=0.69). However, absolute success was higher in the bevacizumab group (71% vs 51%, p=0.02), with the need for IOP-lowering interventions (needlings) being lower in this group (12% vs 33%, p=0.003). Complication rates were low and comparable between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Peroperative administration of intracameral bevacizumab significantly reduces the need for additional interventions during the follow-up of patients undergoing trabeculectomy.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Ophthalmology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2014|
- Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage
- Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/administration & dosage
- Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
- Double-Blind Method
- Glaucoma, Open-Angle/drug therapy
- Kaplan-Meier Estimate
- Middle Aged
- Prospective Studies
- Time Factors