Effects of clinical parameters on patient-reported outcome in cataract patients: a multicentre study

Aline C Stolk-Vos, Martijn S Visser, Stijn Klijn, Reinier Timman, Peter Lansink, Rudy Nuijts, Khiun Tjia, Bart Zijlmans, Leonieke W Kranenburg, Jan V Busschbach, Nicolaas J Reus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Ophthalmologists tend to evaluate the results of cataract surgery by focusing on the clinical visual and refractive outcomes and the incidence of complications, where patients' main interest might be their ability to perform daily activities. Therefore, there appears to be a need for optimizing effective communication between patients and ophthalmologist about the outcome of cataract surgery. The aim of this multicentre study was to determine the effects of whether the surgery was performed in one or two eyes, ocular comorbidity and per- and postoperative complications on visual function experienced by patients measured with the Catquest-9SF.

METHODS: To measure patient-reported outcomes, Catquest-9SF data were collected between 2014 and 2015 in five Dutch hospitals. Data from 870 pairs of questionnaires - completed before and after cataract surgery - were compared with clinical data. Clinical data, retrieved from patients' medical files, consisted of one or two eye surgery, ocular comorbidity and per- and postoperative complications.

RESULTS: Quality of vision improved more in patients who had surgery in both eyes and had fewer postoperative complications (both p < 0.001). We found a nonsignificant trend that quality of vision was worse when ocular comorbidity was present. No significant effect of peroperative complications was observed.

CONCLUSION: Our results emphasize the added value of the Catquest-9SF as a tool for visual function experienced by patients; the additional information can complement clinical parameters to improve patient-centred approaches in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-591
Number of pages6
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume96
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Cataract/physiopathology
  • Cataract Extraction
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ophthalmology/statistics & numerical data
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care
  • Quality of Life

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    Stolk-Vos, A. C., Visser, M. S., Klijn, S., Timman, R., Lansink, P., Nuijts, R., Tjia, K., Zijlmans, B., Kranenburg, L. W., Busschbach, J. V., & Reus, N. J. (2018). Effects of clinical parameters on patient-reported outcome in cataract patients: a multicentre study. Acta Ophthalmologica, 96(6), 586-591. https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.13747