Effect of ethnic diversity on the saccadic reaction time among healthy Indian and Dutch adults

Najiya Sundus K Meethal, Deepmala Mazumdar, Gijs Thepass, Hans G Lemij, Johannes van der Steen, Johan J M Pel, Ronnie George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Eye movement perimetry (EMP) expresses the decline in visual field (VF) responsiveness based on the deviation in saccadic reaction times (SRTs) from their expected age-similar responses (normative database). Since ethnic dissimilarities tend to affect saccade parameters, we evaluated the effect of such a factor on SRT and its interaction with age, stimulus eccentricity, and intensity. 149 healthy adults, spread into five age groups, drawn from Indian and Dutch ethnicities underwent a customized EMP protocol integrated with a saccade task from which the SRTs to 'seen' visual stimuli were computed. The EMP test had a total of 54 coordinates (five stimulus eccentricities) tested using Goldmann size III visual stimuli presented at four stimulus intensity (SI) levels against a constant background. Considering SRT as a dependent variable, a Generalized Linear Mixed Model analysis was conducted that revealed a statistically significant (p < 0.001) influence of ethnicity and interaction between the tested factors (ethnicity × age × stimulus eccentricity × intensity). However, during the post hoc analysis, out of the 100 possible pair-wise comparisons, only 6% (minor proportion) of the estimates showed statistical significance. Hence, the ethnic-specific differences need not be accounted for while implementing EMP in a diverse set of populations instead a collective database might serve the purpose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2024


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