Differences in clinical presentation of primary open-angle glaucoma between African and European populations

Pieter W M Bonnemaijer, Valeria Lo Faro, Anna J Sanyiwa, Hassan G Hassan, Colin Cook, , Suzanne Van de Laar, Hans G Lemij, Caroline C W Klaver, Nomdo M Jansonius, Alberta A H J Thiadens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Purpose: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) has been reported to occur more frequently in Africans, and to follow a more severe course compared to Europeans. We aimed to describe characteristics of POAG presentation and treatment across three ethnic groups from Africa and one from Europe. Methods: We ascertained 151 POAG patients from South African Coloured (SAC) and 94 South African Black (SAB) ethnicity from a university hospital in South Africa. In Tanzania, 310 patients were recruited from a university hospital and a referral hospital. In the Netherlands, 241 patients of European ancestry were included. All patients were over 35 years old and had undergone an extensive ophthalmic examination. Patients were diagnosed according to the ISGEO criteria. A biogeographic ancestry analysis was performed to estimate the proportion of genetic African ancestry (GAA). Results: The biogeographic ancestry analysis showed that the median proportion of GAA was 97.6% in Tanzanian, 100% in SAB, 34.2% in SAC and 1.5% in Dutch participants. Clinical characteristics at presentation for Tanzanians, SAB, SAC and Dutch participants, respectively: mean age: 63, 57, 66, 70 years (p 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1118-e1126
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Issue number7
Early online date8 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


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