Pathogenic variants in the OPN1LW/OPN1MW gene cluster are causal for a range of mild to severe visual impairments with color deficiencies. The widely utilized short-read next-generation sequencing (NGS) is inappropriate for the analysis of the OPN1LW/OPN1MW gene cluster and many patients with pathogenic variants stay underdiagnosed. A diagnostic genetic assay was developed for the OPN1LW/OPN1MW gene cluster, consisting of copy number analysis via multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and sequence analysis via long-read circular consensus sequencing. Performance was determined on 50 clinical samples referred for genetic confirmation of the clinical diagnosis (n = 43) or carrier status analysis (n = 7). A broad range of pathogenic haplotypes were detected, including deletions, hybrid genes, single variants and combinations of variants. The developed genetic assay for the OPN1LW/OPN1MW gene cluster is a diagnostic test that can detect both structural and nucleotide variants with a straightforward analysis, improving diagnostic care of patients with visual impairment.
|Journal||npj Genomic Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Nov 2022|