PURPOSE: It is unknown which retinal cells are involved in the retina-to-sclera signaling cascade causing myopia. As inherited retinal dystrophies (IRD) are characterized by dysfunction of a single retinal cell type and have a high risk of refractive errors, a study investigating the affected cell type, causal gene, and refractive error in IRDs may provide insight herein.
DESIGN: Case-control study.
METHODS: Study Population: Total of 302 patients with IRD from 2 ophthalmogenetic centers in the Netherlands. Reference Population: Population-based Rotterdam Study-III and Erasmus Rucphen Family Study (N = 5550). Distributions and mean spherical equivalent (SE) were calculated for main affected cell type and causal gene; and risks of myopia and hyperopia were evaluated using logistic regression.
RESULTS: Bipolar cell-related dystrophies were associated with the highest risk of SE high myopia 239.7; odds ratio (OR) mild hyperopia 263.2, both P < .0001; SE -6.86 diopters (D) (standard deviation [SD] 6.38), followed by cone-dominated dystrophies (OR high myopia 19.5, P < .0001; OR high hyperopia 10.7, P = .033; SE -3.10 D [SD 4.49]); rod dominated dystrophies (OR high myopia 10.1, P < .0001; OR high hyperopia 9.7, P = .001; SE -2.27 D [SD 4.65]), and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-related dystrophies (OR low myopia 2.7; P = .001; OR high hyperopia 5.8; P = .025; SE -0.10 D [SD 3.09]). Mutations in RPGR (SE -7.63 D [SD 3.31]) and CACNA1F (SE -5.33 D [SD 3.10]) coincided with the highest degree of myopia and in CABP4 (SE 4.81 D [SD 0.35]) with the highest degree of hyperopia.
CONCLUSIONS: Refractive errors, in particular myopia, are common in IRD. The bipolar synapse and the inner and outer segments of the photoreceptor may serve as critical sites for myopia development.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Ophthalmology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2017|
- Calcium Channels, L-Type/genetics
- Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics
- Case-Control Studies
- DNA Mutational Analysis
- Eye Diseases, Hereditary/complications
- Eye Proteins/genetics
- Middle Aged
- Retinal Bipolar Cells/pathology
- Retinal Dystrophies/complications
- Retinal Photoreceptor Cell Inner Segment/pathology
- Retinal Photoreceptor Cell Outer Segment/pathology
- Risk Factors