PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictability of the depth of stromal pockets made in the posterior cornea for the excision of anterior or posterior lamellar corneal buttons with a planned thickness.
METHODS: Stromal corneal pocket dissections were created in human eye bank eyes by making a peripheral arcuate keratotomy incision at 60, 80, or 95% of central pachymetry and creating a pocket from the bottom of the incision across the cornea. Pocket depth was measured by pachymetry immediately after surgery and by light microscopy.
RESULTS: Mean achieved central pocket depth differed by 0.03+/-0.03 mm from the intended depth. Variation in depth across the pocket decreased from 0.07+/-0.02 mm for pockets made at 60% of the intended depth to 0.05+/-0.01 mm for pockets made at 80% depth, and 0.04+/-0.02 mm for pockets made at 95% depth (p < 0.01). Pachymetric and histological measurements of relative pocket depth averaged 64+/-9% and 73+/-7%, respectively, for pockets made at 60% of the intended depth, 82+/-7% and 86+/-3% for pockets made at 80% depth, and 91+/-7% and 92+/-3% for pockets made at 95% depth. The difference between pachymetric and histological relative pocket depth measurements decreased with deeper pocket depth (p < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: In the posterior cornea, stromal pockets can be created to within 30 microm from the intended depth. Variation in depth throughout the pocket decreases with deeper pocket depth. Pachymetry is a reliable method to check the achieved pocket depth during surgery; the accuracy of pachymetry readings improves with deeper pocket depth.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1998|
- Corneal Stroma/pathology
- Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
- Suture Techniques