Cyclotorsion: a possible cause of residual astigmatism in refractive surgery

Martha J Tjon-Fo-Sang, Jan-Tjeerd H N de Faber, Christine Kingma, W Houdijn Beekhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


PURPOSE: To determine whether cyclotorsion occurs when a subject changes from binocular to monocular fixation and to assess positionally induced cyclotorsion.

SETTING: Clinics of the Rotterdam Eye Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

METHODS: The axis of astigmatism was measured with the Nidek handheld keratometer in 15 normal subjects under monocular and binocular fixation and in seated and supine positions. The limits of agreement for the repeatability of measurements with the Nidek keratometer were used to identify subjects with statistically significant cyclotorsion.

RESULTS: Two subjects (13%) showed statistically significant excyclotorsion when changing from binocular to monocular fixation in a seated position. In a supine position, 3 subjects (20%) showed excyclotorsion when the fixation changed. Body position itself had no influence on ocular torsion.

CONCLUSIONS: Significant cyclotorsion may occur under monocular viewing conditions. If monocular photorefractive keratectomy procedures are based on binocular keratometry readings, an undercorrection of myopic astigmatism may result. Individuals at risk should be identified before refractive keratectomy is performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-602
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2002


  • Astigmatism/etiology
  • Corneal Diseases/complications
  • Eye Movements
  • Female
  • Fixation, Ocular
  • Humans
  • Lasers, Excimer
  • Male
  • Myopia/surgery
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy
  • Posture
  • Torsion Abnormality
  • Vision, Monocular


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