Corneal transplantation for Fuchs´ endothelial dystrophy: A comparison of three surgical techniques concerning 10 year graft survival and visual function

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Comparison of conventional Penetrating Keratoplasty (PKP), posterior mushroom PKP and Descemet's Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) regarding overall graft survival of primary corneal transplants for Fuchs´ endothelial dystrophy (FED), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) and astigmatism.

METHODS: Single centre study using prospectively collected data from the national database for follow-up of corneal transplants. Main outcome parameters: 10 years graft survival, astigmatism at 24 months, pre- and post-operative BSCVA.

RESULTS: In total, 721 cases were included: PKP, n = 171; posterior mushroom PKP, n = 91; and DSAEK, n = 459. There was no significant difference in graft survival between PKP, posterior mushroom PKP and the DSAEK technique (log-rank test, P = 0.12). The overall post-operative BSCVA improvement in all treatment groups was significant (paired t-test, P<0.001). Pre-operative BSCVA was better for the DSAEK group (0.68 ± 0.41 logMAR) as compared to the PKP (0.89 ± 0.53) and posterior mushroom PKP group (0.90 ± 0.58); ANOVA, P<0.001. After 24 months, BSCVA was significantly better for the DSAEK group (0.25 ± 0.26 logMAR) compared to the PKP (0.35 ± 0.29) and posterior mushroom PKP group (0.41 ± 0.42); ANOVA, P<0.001. A significant difference in astigmatism was found (median test, P<0.001) between the DSAEK (1.7 ± 1.1 D), PKP (4.6 ± 2.7 D) and posterior mushroom PKP group (4.5 ± 3.3 D). The significantly lower DSAEK-induced astigmatism was confirmed by vector analysis.

CONCLUSION: There was no difference in graft survival and BSCVA improvement between conventional PKP, inverted mushroom PKP and DSAEK in this study. The significantly lower changes in astigmatism, wound stability and faster visual rehabilitation with DSAEK surgery are favourable aspects of this technique. The benefits of posterior lamellar keratoplasty warrant earlier intervention, which may contribute to preserve better vision for a prolonged period of remaining lifetime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0203993
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Astigmatism/epidemiology
  • Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty/methods
  • Female
  • Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy/therapy
  • Graft Survival
  • Humans
  • Keratoplasty, Penetrating/methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Visual Acuity

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