CLINICAL AND GENETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE PATIENTS WITH RPGR-ASSOCIATED RETINAL DYSTROPHIES: A Long-Term Follow-up Study

Mays Talib, Mary J van Schooneveld, Alberta A Thiadens, Marta Fiocco, Jan Wijnholds, Ralph J Florijn, Nicoline E Schalij-Delfos, Maria M van Genderen, Hein Putter, Frans P M Cremers, Gislin Dagnelie, Jacoline B Ten Brink, Caroline C W Klaver, L Ingeborgh van den Born, Carel B Hoyng, Arthur A Bergen, Camiel J F Boon

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe the phenotype and clinical course of patients with RPGR-associated retinal dystrophies, and to identify genotype-phenotype correlations.

METHODS: A multicenter medical records review of 74 male patients with RPGR-associated retinal dystrophies.

RESULTS: Patients had retinitis pigmentosa (RP; n = 52; 70%), cone dystrophy (COD; n = 5; 7%), or cone-rod dystrophy (CORD; n = 17; 23%). The median follow-up time was 11.6 years (range 0-57.1). The median age at symptom onset was 5.0 years (range 0-14 years) for patients with RP and 23.0 years (range 0-60 years) for patients with COD/CORD. The probability of being blind (best-corrected visual acuity <0.05) at the age of 40 was 20% and 55% in patients with RP and COD/CORD, respectively. RPGR-ORF15 mutations were associated with high myopia (P = 0.01), which led to a faster best-corrected visual acuity decline in patients with RP (P < 0.001) and COD/CORD (P = 0.03). Patients with RP with RPGR-ORF15 mutations had a faster visual field decline (P = 0.01) and thinner central retina (P = 0.03) than patients with mutations in exon 1 to 14.

CONCLUSION: Based on best-corrected visual acuity survival probabilities, the intervention window for gene therapy for RPGR-associated retinal dystrophies is relatively broad in patients with RP. RPGR-ORF15 mutations were associated with COD/CORD and with a more severe phenotype in RP. High myopia is a risk factor for faster best-corrected visual acuity decline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1186-1199
Number of pages14
JournalRetina
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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    Talib, M., van Schooneveld, M. J., Thiadens, A. A., Fiocco, M., Wijnholds, J., Florijn, R. J., Schalij-Delfos, N. E., van Genderen, M. M., Putter, H., Cremers, F. P. M., Dagnelie, G., Ten Brink, J. B., Klaver, C. C. W., van den Born, L. I., Hoyng, C. B., Bergen, A. A., & Boon, C. J. F. (2019). CLINICAL AND GENETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE PATIENTS WITH RPGR-ASSOCIATED RETINAL DYSTROPHIES: A Long-Term Follow-up Study. Retina, 39(6), 1186-1199. https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000002125