Allogeneic Serum Eye Drops: A Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Clinical Effectiveness of Two Drop Sizes

Christie Vermeulen, Lars L J van der Burg, Nan van Geloven, Catharina A Eggink, Yanny Y Y Cheng, Rudy M M A Nuijts, Robert P L Wisse, Chantal M van Luijk, Carla Nieuwendaal, Lies Remeijer, Pieter F van der Meer, Dirk de Korte, Thomas R L Klei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


INTRODUCTION: Allogeneic serum from blood donors is starting to be used to treat patients with dry eye disease (DED). However, the optimal dose is not known. We therefore aimed to evaluate the clinical efficaciousness and user-friendliness of micro-sized versus conventional-sized allogeneic serum eye drops (SEDs).

METHODS: In a randomized trial, patients with DED first receive micro-sized SEDs (7 µl/unit) for 1 month, followed by a 1-month washout, before receiving conventional-sized SEDs (50 µl/unit) for 1 month; or vice versa. The primary endpoint was the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) score. Secondary endpoints were tear break-up time (TBT), tear production (TP), and presence of corneal punctate lesions (CP). The user-friendliness of both application systems was also compared. A linear mixed model for cross-over design was applied to compare both treatments.

RESULTS: Forty-nine patients completed the trial. The mean OSDI score significantly improved from 52 ± 3 to 41 ± 3 for micro-sized SEDs, and from 54 ± 3 to 45 ± 3 for conventional-sized SEDs. Non-inferiority (margin = 6) of micro-sized SEDs was established. We demonstrate a significant improvement for TBT in case of conventional-sized SEDs and for CP in both treatment groups. TP trended towards an improvement in both treatment groups. The user-friendliness of the conventional drop system was significantly higher.

CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, non-inferiority of micro-sized allogeneic SEDs was established. The beneficial effect of both SED volumes was similar as measured by the OSDI score. Although user-friendliness of the micro drop system was significantly lower, it is an attractive alternative as it saves valuable donor serum.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3347-3359
Number of pages13
JournalOphthalmology and Therapy
Issue number6
Early online date16 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


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